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Glossary

of fragrance notes and terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Agarwood

Also known as "oud," this resin from the heartwood of large evergreens native to southeast Asia lends a smoky, deep, woody and rich note to fragrances, making it a prized ingredient in perfumes and incenses.View All Agarwood

Agave Leaf

Derived from the Blue Agave plant, the extract is used for its astringent and soothing properties. Although believed by most to be a cactus, they are more closely related to aloe plant than the cacti family.View All Agave Leaf

Agave Nectar

Rich and quenching, agave nectar has a natural sweetness, making it a valuable dietary alternative to refined sugars. Its honeyed fragrance is warm, round and expansive.View All Agave Nectar

Aldehydes

A synthetic component added to fine perfume, its fragrance is pure and fresh, similar to clean linen taken down from the line. Its creator is said to have been inspired by visits to the Arctic Circle and the smell of water at midnight.View All Aldehydes

Aloe Leaf

A kitchen staple, this desert succulent—known as the “first-aid plant”—provides a natural balm. Its scent is cool, verdant and plumped with water.View All Aloe Leaf

Aloe Vera

Commonly called the "first aid" plant, aloe gel is renowned for its anti-inflammatory, soothing and healing properties.View All Aloe Vera

Amaranth Seed

Amaranthus Caudatus goes by common names such as love-lies-bleeding, velvet flower, pendant amaranth, tassel flower, foxtail amaranth, and quilete. Many parts of the plants, including the leaves and seeds, are edible, and are frequently used as a source of food in India and South America - where it is known as Kiwicha. Amaranthus caudatus has high amounts of nutrients that help to restore smoothness and moisture to skin.View All Amaranth Seed

Amber

A blended accord that emulates the warmth and richness of resinous amber. Its essence is smoky, sensual and profoundly settling.View All Amber

Ambrette Seed

With origins in India, ambrette seed (also known as muskmallow) is an all-vegetable alternative to animal musk compounds. Its aroma is sweet, rich, warm and nutty, with a hint of floral and a wink of sensuality.View All Ambrette Seed

Amla Berry

The Amla tree grows most often in the Himalayas. Also known as Amalaki (meaning the "sustainer"), this key extract is packed with amino acids, proteins, vitamin C, and minerals. When applied topically, the berry rejuvenates, moisturizes, and helps firm skin.View All Amla Berry

Anise

Anise comes from the herbal plant of the same name and is prevalent in Mediterranean countries. Often used in fragrances, anise has a warm fragrance, known for its licorice-like taste.View All Anise

Apples

This popular fruit is grown across the world. Grown on trees, apples are available in over 7,500 different varieties. Apples have a mouthwatering note and is very fresh.View All Apples

Apricot

Believed to have origins in Armenia, apricot trees are prized for their luminous yellow fruit. Sweet apricot oil is derived from the fruit’s kernel, a natural source of vitamin E, making it highly desirable for skincare products.View All Apricot

Apricot Kernels

These granules are prepared from crushed apricot shells and act as gentle exfoliants in body and face scrubs, sloughing off tired skin to reveal a glowing and revitalized complexion.View All Apricot Kernels

Argan Oil

A plant oil produced from the kernels of the argan tree, it is full of vitamins and antioxidants and used for its nutritive and cosmetic properties in skin and hair care.View All Argan Oil

Assam Black Tea

Grown in India’s lushest tea-growing state, Assam black tea is cheered worldwide for its brisk, bold body and vibrant, saturated color. Hearty tea aromas mingle with floral and malty nuances.View All Assam Black Tea

Balsam

A tree that thrives in cold boreal climates, the balsam fir is identified by its needlelike leaves, gray-green bark and cylindrical cones. Extracted through the leaves, its refreshing essential oil emits a lush, resinous scent that balances sweet and crisp.View All Balsam

Bamboo

A dietary staple of pandas, bamboo leaves are vigorous growers, much like the jointed stalks they spring from. Their mild, woodsy aroma makes them a favorite in Japanese cooking.View All Bamboo

Bamboo Leaves

A dietary staple of pandas, bamboo leaves are vigorous growers, much like the jointed stalks they spring from. Their mild, woodsy aroma makes them a favorite in Japanese cooking.View All Bamboo Leaves

Bergamot

Named for Bergamo, the Southern Italy city in which it flourishes, this citrus is a cross between pear, lemon and Seville orange. Expressed from the ripe peel, its essential oil imparts a fruity sweetness in fragrances and flavorings, including that of Earl Grey tea. View All Bergamot

Birch

The tender leaves of the Northwoods paper birch are protected by a rich reserve of balsam, endowing the birch moor with its delicate springtime fragrance.View All Birch

Black Currant

Native to northern Europe and Asia, the black currant shrub propagates tart berries that are rich in vitamin C, phytochemicals and antioxidants. Its dark purple fruit is frequently found in jams and juices.View All Black Currant

Black Peppercorn

Adding a bright, earthy top note to fragrances, this "King of Spices" revs the senses with its warm, happy aroma, rendered through steam distillation of the berries of the piper negrum bush.View All Black Peppercorn

Bourbon

Bourbon is a distilled alcohol, usually made from corn. Known for its warm taste and aroma, bourbon has notes of vanilla, caramel and honey.View All Bourbon

Bourbon Vanilla

Bourbon vanilla is derived from the pods of special orchids native to Madagascar and Indonesia. It is the second most expensive spice after saffron, thanks to the labor required to grow the seedpods. Its rich, luxurious fragrance evokes sublime feelings of warmth and comfort.View All Bourbon Vanilla

Buttercup

Also known as ranunculus, this spring flower has lustrous white or boldly colored petals. Its scent is sweet and wet.View All Buttercup

Camellia oil

Camellia oil, also known as tea seed oil, is an excellent anti-oxidant. It protects the skin from free radical damage. It is cold-pressed mainly from the seeds of Camellia sinensis.View All Camellia oil

Cardamom

Commonly used in Indian cooking and Scandinavian baking, cardamom acts as a flavorful preservative. Ground from green seedpods, it has a distinct taste with an aromatic, resinous fragrance.View All Cardamom

Cassis

The berry of a small perennial shrub, cassis (also known as blackcurrant) is extraordinarily rich in vitamin C. Very astringent, its juice is popular in jams and preserves, beverages and liqueurs. Its nutrient-rich oil has a delicious, jammy tart-sweetness. View All Cassis

Cedar

A species originally found in the mountains of North Africa, Lebanon and Cyprus and the Himalayas, sacred cedarwood was once used for making temples. Steam distilled from oil-rich heartwood, its essential oil has a sweet, resinous fragrance that, happily, also repels moths.View All Cedar

Cedarwood

A species originally found in the mountains of North Africa, Lebanon and Cyprus and the Himalayas, sacred cedarwood was once used for making temples. Steam distilled from oil-rich heartwood, its essential oil has a sweet, resinous fragrance that, happily, also repels moths.View All Cedarwood

Chamomile

A gentle sedative that helps to ease anxiety, with a strong, sweetish warm-herbaceous scent.View All Chamomile

Cherry

Grown on trees, the fleshy stone fruit has been consumed since prehistory. And for good reason, as the “superfood” tempts with potent antioxidants and luscious flavor. Like the fruit, its fragrance is both tart and sweet. View All Cherry

Chinese Magnolia Flower

Extracted by macerating the flowers of the Chinese-native, fragrant flowering tree, Magnolia Biondii is a legendary antioxidant prized in traditional Chinese medicine for its healing powers.View All Chinese Magnolia Flower

Chrysanthemum

A daisy-like flower, this perennial is a well-known medicinal herb in China. It is greatly prized as an anti-inflammatory and proudly (and brightly) symbolizes optimism and joy.View All Chrysanthemum

Cinnamon

With some 200 species found throughout Southeast Asia, East Asia and the Pacific Islands, the baking spice so familiar to us remains highly prized. Extracted through both bark and leaves, its essential oil lends a warm, woody note with a spicy-sweet complexity.View All Cinnamon

Citron

Though not as common as the lemon, lime or orange, the citron fruit charms all who encounter it with its zesty, refreshing, lemony scent. It has been used for centuries to cure a variety of ailments.View All Citron

Clary Sage

An ornamental perennial native to the northern Mediterranean, clary sage has spiking flowers from which its essential oil is steam distilled. Sweet and fresh, with warm undertones of nuts and balsam, it is popular in perfumes and as a flavoring in vermouths, wines and liqueurs. It is known to relieve insomnia and anxiety.View All Clary Sage

Clementine

Whether discovered by a monk in an orphanage in Algeria, or native to China long before, clementine beguiles. A variety of mandarin orange, aka a seedless tangerine, the easily peeled fruit is strikingly sweet and has a delicate citrus aroma. View All Clementine

Clove

Cloves are the sun-dried flower buds from the tropical clove tree, grown in Madagascar, Zanzibar and Indonesia. Clove bud oil has a powerful, spicy-fruity, warm, sweet aroma.View All Clove

Clover

A delicate prairie flower and a prime source of nectar for honeybees and bumblebees, blooming clover has a sweet floral scent.View All Clover

Cocoa Orchid

A fragrant orchid variety that emits a sweet floral aroma with a hint of cocoa powder.View All Cocoa Orchid

Coconut Milk

A sweet, milky-white fluid contained in the meat and juice of a mature fruit, coconut milk is high in nutritious oils and sugars. Its light, creamy fragrance readily enhances others.View All Coconut Milk

Coconut Oil

An edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of matured coconuts harvested from the coconut palm. It is commonly used in food and also in skin care as a moisturizer.View All Coconut Oil

Coconut Water

The clear liquid inside young coconuts contains many beneficial vitamins and other properties to help soften skin and relieve dryness.View All Coconut Water

Cognac

Named for the town in France that made it famous, cognac is a brandy made from certain grapes, distilled twice in copper pot stills and aged at least two years in French oak barrels. Its aroma is complex, layering vanilla, cloves, toast and coconut with fruits ranging from peach to fig. View All Cognac

Coriander

A robust herbal spark common to Mexican and South East Asian cuisines, coriander offers both fragrant fresh green leaves and aromatic dried seeds. Coriander oil has a distinctively spicy, open and sweet scent.View All Coriander

Crabapple Blossom

A harbinger of spring, crabapple blossoms attract butterflies and bees with their sweet, delicate scent.View All Crabapple Blossom

Cream

The decadent richness of cream is derived from skimming the surface of cow’s milk to obtain fat. Familiar and comforting, its aroma is cool, rich and grassy, with sweet undertones.View All Cream

Cucumber

Plumped full of water, cucumbers have earned their cool, refreshing reputation. Rich in vitamin C, the oil is extracted from the seed through a cold-press process. Their sweet, moist scent has a mineral earthiness that quells the senses. View All Cucumber

Cyclamen

A plant rooted in Mediterranean lore, cyclamen takes its name from the Greek word for “circle,” referring to the round corm from which it grows. Its dainty blossoms hover like butterflies, and its scent is floral, dewy and sensual.View All Cyclamen

Cypress

Pointing pillar-like toward the sky, cypress trees are distinct landscape landmarks across the Mediterranean. Their essential oil results from a distillation of twig cuttings, yielding a fresh, spicy woody scent akin to pine needles, with an ambergris note. View All Cypress

Damask Rose

Also known as Bulgarian rose or rose otto, the precious rose oil is obtained by steam distillation of the fresh-picked flowers of the Damask rose. Smells of slightly fruity rose petals, with a fresh, light greenness.View All Damask Rose

Dewberry

This deep purple berry has a potent, sweet, tangy jamminess in flavor and aroma.View All Dewberry

Driftwood

Coming and going with the tides, each piece of driftwood is given its unique shape and texture by the salt and surf of the sea’s gentle waves and evokes a dry, aged wood accord.View All Driftwood

Elderberries

A tree with fragrant blossoms that flavor the Italian liqueur Sambuca and Swedish aquavit. Its berries are used in syrups, pies and wines.View All Elderberries

Epsom Salt

A mineral compound that brings the metabolic benefits of magnesium to the skin. In the bath, epsom salts have a soothing effect because they rebalance pressure across the body, which helps to improve circulation, relieve stress and relax muscles.View All Epsom Salt

Eucalyptus

Arching, gray-green trees native to Australia yield eucalyptus oil, prized for its invigorating character. Steamed distilled from the leaves, its essential oil reveals a fresh, clean fragrance.View All Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus Oil

This oil, obtained from the leaves of the eucalyptus tree, is known for its strong antiseptic and healing effect. Its fresh, aromatic fragrance is stimulating and cleansing for the senses.View All Eucalyptus Oil

Fiddlehead Fern

A culinary delicacy, its tender tips are rich in chlorophyll, making for a bright, fresh, green aroma.View All Fiddlehead Fern

Fig Leaf

Fig trees are prized for their edible fruit. A gourmand fragrance, sweet and fruity.View All Fig Leaf

Fir

A tree that thrives in cold boreal climates, fir is identified by its needlelike leaves, gray-green bark and cylindrical cones. Extracted through the leaves, its refreshing essential oil emits a lush, resinous scent that balances sweet and balsamic.View All Fir

Frankincense

Also called olibanum, frankincense is an aromatic resin tapped from a tree that grows in extremely harsh terrain. It is an ancient prize predating Cleopatra, said to have used the charred resin to kohl her eyes. The essential oil is produced by steam distillation, releasing a balsamic-spicy, slightly lemon fragrance with a conifer-like undertone.View All Frankincense

Freesia

Originally from South Africa, freesia is a korm plant that sends out graceful funneled-shape blooms. Its essential oil has an intense floral fragrance that permeates a room. View All Freesia

Galbanum

An aromatic gum resin originally from northern Iran, galbanum has been used in medicine since biblical times. Its initial notes are quite bitter, giving way to a complex green, spicy, woody, balsamlike fragrance. View All Galbanum

Gardenia

Gardenia is a dazzling decorative shrub that bursts with creamy white flowers (Pakistan’s national flower). It was beloved by jazz singer Billie Holiday, who tucked it behind her ear as a trademark. Its fragrance is intense, sweet, floral and silky.View All Gardenia

Geranium

Cultivated primarily in the Réunion Islands, Madagascar, Egypt and China, geranium offers one of the most important essential oils in perfumery. Obtained by steam distillation of the leaves, it has a robust, green fragrance with pronounced fruity-minty undertones and a rich, long-lasting, sweet-rosy finish. View All Geranium

Ginger

The root of a Southeast Asian native perennial, ginger is a staple in cooking and medicine. With a scent that’s peppery, spicy and warm, it stimulates appetite, aids digestion, calms inflammation and might even kindle libido. View All Ginger

Ginseng

The word ginseng is said to mean "the wonders of the world." It is used in skin care for its anti-inflammatory and stimulating properties.View All Ginseng

Glycerin

A humectant derived from fatty vegetable acids that draws vital moisture to the skin making it smoother and softer. View All Glycerin

Grapefruit

Taken straight from the peel, this uplifting essential oil awakens the senses like a ray of noonday sun. Its aroma is sweet, refreshing and a touch tart. Because of its fleeting character, it often acts as a top note in fragrance.View All Grapefruit

Grass

The fresh scent of cut grass is a distinctive combination of air, sun, chlorophyll and aldehydes. It lends a green, expansive aroma of the outdoors.View All Grass

Green Tea

Rich in antioxidants and known to soothe skin. A warm, fresh spicy-camphoraceous scent.View All Green Tea

Guava

Extracted from a renowned “superfruit” celebrated for its extraordinary nutritional value, this essential oil produces a bright, tingly tartness. A high concentration of vitamin C and pectin makes guavas popular in jams, marmalades and juices.View All Guava

Hawthorn Leaves

A symbol of hope in ancient Greece, the hawthorn tree is prized for its medicinal use as a cardiac tonic. It’s also a good source of antioxidant phytochemicals, with an edible leaf and a deep green scent.View All Hawthorn Leaves

Heliotrope

With its stunning violet-colored flowers, heliotrope takes its name from Greek words meaning "to turn toward the sun." The flowers’ strong fragrance of creamy vanilla and almond is attractive to many butterflies.View All Heliotrope

Hinoki Wood

In Japan, white cedar—or Hinoki wood—is used for purification and relaxation in ritual bathing. Believed to have decongestant properties, it has an alluring aroma of ancient woods.View All Hinoki Wood

Honey

A sweet syrup made by bees from floral nectar. Its aroma reflects the pollen source, which can range from clover to almond trees. Rich in many essential nutrients including vitamins C, D and E, honey is also a natural humectant that draws moisture to the skin.View All Honey

Honeysuckle

By day, honeysuckle flowers are almost odorless, but by night they emit a powerful, lilylike aroma diffused by vanilla-woody nuances. Sphinx moths and hummingbirds are drawn to the nectar’s intoxicating fragrance.View All Honeysuckle

Hyacinth

Native to the eastern Mediterranean, Iran and Turkmenistan, hyacinth are bulbs that release bright stalks of intensely scented blooms. Its fragrance is sweetly floral with green notes. View All Hyacinth

Iris

Once a celebrated export of the Far East, iris now grows in gardens around the world. For perfumery, iris essential oil is painstakingly derived from the flower’s root. Its scent is cold, powdery and woodsy-green with violet nuance.View All Iris

Ivy

Ivy is a creeping or climbing evergreen that produces berries beloved by birds and flying insects. Celebrated for its rapid growth, ivy famously covers many campus buildings. Its aroma is fresh and green.View All Ivy

Jasmine

Gathered at night, when the scent of its flowers is most intense, jasmine is celebrated in perfumery for its plush, penetrating floral aroma. Fresh and luminous, it has a sweet fruity nuance that grows stronger in oil.View All Jasmine

Jasmine Sambac

A night-blooming tropical flower with an intoxicating, silky, green aroma.View All Jasmine Sambac

Jojoba Oil

An oil expressed from the ripe seeds of the Jojoba shrub, it is a natural emollient that mimics the skin's own moisturizing properties.View All Jojoba Oil

Juniper Berry

Steam distilled from the ripe fruit of the juniper tree, juniper berry has a dry, fresh piney scent that mixes notably well with gin.View All Juniper Berry

Kelp

A member of the brown algae phylum, it is naturally high in silicon—good for hair and skin—and iodine. Kelp is found in the colder, coastal waters of North America.View All Kelp

Laurel Leaf

The leaf from an evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean, laurel leaf, also known as bay leaf, has been flavoring soups, stews and other dishes for centuries. In fact, the laurel wreath has symbolized victory since ancient times. Extracted through steam distillation, its essential oil is herbal, spicy and slightly floral.View All Laurel Leaf

Lavender

A flowering plant in the mint family, lavender is most closely associated with the Provence region of France, where it is a thriving industry. Steam distilled from the freshcut flowering tops and stalks, the essential oil has a sweet, balsamic, floral aroma celebrated for its calming benefits. It is unrivaled in its popularity and combines well with many oils. View All Lavender

Lemon

Cold-pressed from the fruit peel, lemon essential oil has the bright, clean, ripe fragrance that makes it beloved the world over. View All Lemon

Lemon Balm

A perennial herb planted by gardeners for its fresh citrus scent, lemon balm is known for having calming, mildly antibacterial properties. Compared with lemon essence, its fragrance is lighter, headier and more “fatty.” Honeybees love it!View All Lemon Balm

Lemon Blossom

Unlike the tart fruit of the lemon tree, its blossom produces a heady bouquet of floral nectar with shimmering notes of bright citrus. The delicate white bloom, aglow against the tree’s glossy, deep-green leaves, flourishes under bright sunlight.View All Lemon Blossom

Lemon Geranium

Obtained by steam distillation of the leaves, geranium essential oil is one of perfumery’s favorites. It has a very powerful, green, leafy-rosy aroma with citrus-fruity-minty undertones.View All Lemon Geranium

Lemon Pulp

Crushed from the fruit’s fresh flesh, lemon pulp is a robust citrus whose fragrance is bright, sweet and lip-puckeringly tangy.View All Lemon Pulp

Lemongrass

A native of Southeast Asia made famous in Thai and Vietnamese cooking, lemongrass is a tropical grass with bright bluish-green leaves. Its essential oil is extracted through steam distillation, releasing a lemony flavor for which it is named.View All Lemongrass

Lilac

A native of the northern Balkan Peninsula, the first lilac was said to have traveled from Constantinople to Vienna courtesy of a German diplomat, where the woody bloomer quickly became a European favorite. Its powdery, enchantingly sweet floral fragrance is an unmistakable sign of spring.View All Lilac

Lily of the Valley

Also known as muguet, lily of the valley blooms in spring in dense thickets across the forest floor. Its bell-shaped white flowers emit an intense, elegant fragrance that blends floral with hints of greenness and fresh lemon.View All Lily of the Valley

Lime

Extracted by the cold compression of fresh peels or by steam distillation of dried peels, lime essential oil is rich in antioxidants and has benefits common to all citrus. Its aroma, however, is dryer, lighter, sweeter and more potent, making it an effective top note in fragrance compositions.View All Lime

Linden Flower

Known as the "tree of lovers," lindens beckon bees like few others; the distinctive flavor of its nectar and leaf infuses honey and herbal tea.View All Linden Flower

Lotus

An aquatic perennial, lotus is a symbol of purity in many cultures. Lotus flowers come in shades of white and pink, with a bright yellow seedhead. Completely edible, the plant has a floral, green fragrance brightened with citrus.View All Lotus

Lychee

A native of China and Southeast Asia, lychee fruit is covered by a deep pink, spiky rind that, once shucked, reveals creamy, succulent white flesh. They are high in polyphenols, bettering even grapes. Indeed, its sweet, earthy flavor is akin to muscat grapes.View All Lychee

Madonna Lily

A favorite flower of ancient Greece and Rome, this water-retaining humectant has anti-inflammatory and protective properties and has a robust, sweet floral scent.View All Madonna Lily

Magnolia

Significant to ancient Japan and China, and a symbol of southern U.S. states, the magnolia tree has dark green, shiny leaves and voluptuous flowers that bloom in spring. The scent is creamy sweet with a light citrus nuance.View All Magnolia

Magnolia Fig

Commonly used for preserves, the fruits of Magnolia fig trees have velvety brown skin and light amber pulp. Their fragrance is rich, sweet and earthy.View All Magnolia Fig

Mahogany

The national tree of the Dominican Republic and Belize, this reddish-brown wood is prized for its beauty, durability and color. It evokes a deep, earthy note with a touch of sweet musk.View All Mahogany

Mandarin

Originally from China, mandarin orange is now cultivated across the Mediterranean. Extracted from the peel, its essential oil imparts a fresh, sweet aroma, making it an ideal top note.View All Mandarin

Marjoram

Cultivated for its aromatic leaves and buds, marjoram is a perennial herbal shrub closely related to oregano. In 16th century Europe, sweet marjoram was tucked into bags to scent water for bathing and washing. Its essential oil is obtained through steam distillation, rendering a warm, woody, spicy-camphoraceous aroma with herbal undertones.View All Marjoram

Matcha Tea

With its brilliant lime hue, matcha green tea delivers the intensely concentrated, grassy essence of the finest green tea in each grain of silky powder.View All Matcha Tea

Meadowfoam Seed

Its unique molecular structure imparts luster and improves moisture retention, leaving skin feeling soft and plump.View All Meadowfoam Seed

Mint

Cool and crisp, peppermint is a fast-growing perennial herb with bitter-sweet, minty aromas. View All Mint

Mirabelle Plum Blossoms

Blooming white in the spring, Mirabelle Plum blossoms smell as delicious as their fruity counterparts taste. Grown in Mediterranean Europe and temperate zones of the U.S., the stunning blossoms have a sweet, fruity, honey scent.View All Mirabelle Plum Blossoms

Monoi Butter

A soft, velvety cream made from the oils of sweet almonds and coconut combined with Tiare essence. A proprietary formula of Tahiti, Monoi butter offers rich moisturizing benefits for skin and hair.View All Monoi Butter

Moroccan Rose

A deep, rich, sweet, honey-like fragrance, believed to be an aphrodisiac.View All Moroccan Rose

Moss

Collected from fruit trees, oak and beech, moss possesses a rich, earthy odor that grounds fragrance compositions. It provides an intense, natural tone that complements brighter aromas. View All Moss

Muguet

French for lily of the valley, muguet blooms in spring in dense thickets across the forest floor. Its bell-shaped white flowers emit an intense, elegant fragrance that blends floral with hints of greenness and fresh lemon.View All Muguet

Musk

Made from non-animal sources, musk enhances the longevity of perfume on skin. As it dries, its aroma ranges from warm and sensual to sweet, powdery and clean.View All Musk

Myrtle

A shrub that thrives in the forests of Sardinia, Corsica, and Crete, myrtle is prized for its leaves, berries, flowers and aromatic wood. When pressed or chopped, myrtle leaves emit a scent similar to orange blossom, though their flavor is bitter.View All Myrtle

Nectarine

In the same family as peach, though without the dominant gene that imparts a fuzzy skin, nectarine is a stone fruit first mentioned in English in the 17th century. Like that of its half-sibling, its essential oil bestows a sweet, lush and moist fragrance.View All Nectarine

Neroli

Said to have been first captured by a princess of Nerola, in Italy, oil of neroli is distilled from the freshly picked flowers of the bitter orange tree. It has an emphatically refreshing, spicy, floral fragrance.View All Neroli

Noni Fruit

An extract from the Noni fruit which is a rich source of anti-oxidants and vitamin C. The extract is sourced from a tropical evergreen tree native to Pacific Islands, Asia, and Australia.View All Noni Fruit

Nutmeg

Nutmeg is the seed of an evergreen tree, indigenous to the Spice Islands. Most commonly ground or steam distilled into essential oil, it has a distinct spicy-sweet flavor that is popular in cooking and traditional medicines around the world. View All Nutmeg

Oak Moss

First found in the royal tombs of ancient Egypt, and now collected in France, Morocco and Yugoslavia, oak moss is actually a lichen. Its scent is that of pure forest: dry fungus-y, earthy-woody. It adds warm notes of the fireplace, walnuts and smoke.View All Oak Moss

Olive Leaf

Contains oleuropein, a powerful antioxidant that protects the skin from environmental free-radical damage. This protection can prevent skin from premature aging and cellular decay, thereby working to improve skin appearance. Olive leaf also has anti-microbial activity that benefits a cosmetic formula by acting as a safe and natural preservative.View All Olive Leaf

Olive Oil

Obtained by pressing the ripe olive fruit, this is one of the most important and ancient oils. Olive oil continues to be a superior ingredient for skin and hair care. Its essential fatty acids and vitamin E make it an excellent emollient, skin conditioner and moisturizer with superior penetrating power.View All Olive Oil

Oolong Tea

Oolong is a traditional Chinese tea oxidized between green and black, and its flavor is strong and bitter with a sweet aftertaste. Lore about oolong tea is vast, though most agree that its dark, long and curly appearance inspired its “black dragon” nickname.View All Oolong Tea

Orange

Orange oil, obtained by cold-pressing of the peel, is among our first sensations of fragrance. Peels of the ripe, sweet orange burst with lively citrus fragrance, distinctly fruity, sweet and invigorating.View All Orange

Orange Blossom

The state flower of Florida, orange blossom actually inspired the state’s name (“La Florida” is “flowery” in Spanish). Delicate and sweet, these snow-white 5-petaled flowers glow amid the citrus groves, emitting heady blooms of soft, sweet fragrance.View All Orange Blossom

Osmanthus

This blossoming Chinese tree is prized both for its striking appearance in landscaping and its rich fragrance, with notes of apricot, almond and florals.View All Osmanthus

Oud

This resin from the heartwood of large evergreens native to southeast Asia lends a smoky, deep, woody and rich note to fragrances, making it a prized ingredient in perfumes and incenses.View All Oud

Pamplemousse

French for grapefruit (and lovely to say). Taken straight from the peel, this uplifting essential oil awakes the senses like a ray of noonday sun. Its aroma is sweet, refreshing and a touch tart. Because of its fleeting character, it often acts as a top note in fragrance. View All Pamplemousse

Parsley

Its high chlorophyll content makes it an excellent natural deodorizer and is soothing and cleansing to the skin. Parsley is also rich in vitamins A and C, several B vitamins, calcium and iron.View All Parsley

Passion Flower

Beautiful in its structural extravagance, tropical passion flower is a magnet for hummingbirds and humans alike. Along with its frilled blooms, it produces passion fruit. The “passion” refers not to sexual ardor, but to the passion of Jesus in Christian theology. Its fragrance is nice and sweet, with a mild fruity nuance.View All Passion Flower

Patchouli

Now mostly grown in Indonesia, patchouli was brought to the Middle East and Europe along the Silk Road to preserve handmade textiles from moths. Obtained by steam distillation of the dried leaves of a small, tropical bush, its viscous oil has a rich, sweetish, rooty-earthy-woody fragrance.View All Patchouli

Peach

A native of China, where they were a favorite of kings and emperors, peach trees were traded to Persia along the Silk Road. Peaches are associated in many cultures with longevity, despite being quick to ripen and bruise. Their fragrance is light and watery, with a blush of sweetness.View All Peach

Pear

Cultivated in China for some 3,000 years, the Romans had 36 varieties of pears growing in their orchards by year 1 BCE! No wonder, as this fruit is rich in dietary fiber and vitamin C. Its sweet, slightly citrus fragrance is as luscious as its taste.View All Pear

Peonies

A favorite of gardeners and perfumers alike, peony is a perennial plant that wakes each year with bursts of fragrant blossoms. An ancient emblem of China, the flower emits a lingering freshness with a freshly cut grass fragrance.View All Peonies

Peony

A favorite of gardeners and perfumers alike, peony is a perennial plant that wakes each year with bursts of fragrant blossoms. An ancient emblem of China, the flower emits a lingering freshness with a freshly cut grass fragrance.View All Peony

Persimmon

Persimmon is the fruit of a perennial tree first cultivated in Asia that develops the yellow-red tomato-sized berry. The fruit is bitter before it ripens; once ripe, it is sweet, tart, pulpy and puddinglike. Dried fruits are also common, with a more intense sweetness.View All Persimmon

Petitgrain

Paraguay is home to the largest production of petitgrain oils, which are steam distilled from leaves of the bitter orange tree. Its citrusy fragrance is strong and bitter-sweet, with floral and woody nuances.View All Petitgrain

Pink Pepper

Despite the name, pink peppers aren’t true peppers but do have a peppery scent. Grown on an island near Madagascar or in Peru, these rare pink berries have a fruity, tarty flavor. The essential oil has a very fresh, creamy aroma akin to the top notes of black pepper oil and blends well with musks.View All Pink Pepper

Plum Wood

The wood of a plum tree that’s slightly fruity with a smoky undertone.View All Plum Wood

Pomegranate

Abounding with seeds surrounded by sacs of tart, sweet juiciness, pomegranate is a symbol of fertility in many Middle Eastern cultures. Its berries burst with antioxidants and vitamins A, C and E. The subtle scent marries its green powdery skin with the sweet-tart, winey aroma of the seeds.View All Pomegranate

Praline

Derived from sugar cane and pecans, the familiar fragrance of praline lends sweet notes of warmth and comfort.View All Praline

Privet Leaves

Earthy and green in fragrance, this plant grows throughout Asia and extends into Australia. The commonly used hedge plant is popular in horticulture and flower arrangements.View All Privet Leaves

Pumpkin

A gourd with orange flesh. When cooked, particularly with brandy or sugar, it yields a rich, succulent flavor and scent.View All Pumpkin

Quince

With origins likely predating the apple, in mythology quince was the gift Paris awarded Aphrodite. The term “marmalade” derives from the Portuguese word for quince, which is often used in wine and digestifs. Its scent resembles a green apple, but light and transparent, with bright citrus notes.View All Quince

Raspberries

Beloved by birds and humans alike, raspberries tantalize with their intense, warm, penetrating character. With a flavor that’s sweet, juicy and vigorous, raspberries lead other fruits in antioxidants vitamin C and vitamin E, making them ideal in skincare products.View All Raspberries

Red Currant

A member of the gooseberry family, the red currant berry grows on bushy shrubs throughout Western Europe. Like its cousin, the blackcurrant, it has a tart-sweet flavor rich in vitamins and minerals. It is often served as a jelly, syrup or nectar.View All Red Currant

Red Tea

Dating to China’s Ming dynasty, red tea got its name from the copper tinge of its leaves and bright red of its liquid. Its robust aroma fills the room with freshly steeped fragrance.View All Red Tea

Rhubarb

Used for medical purposes by the Chinese for thousands of years, rhubarb was traded by Marco Polo along the Silk Road. It has a distinctly tart character that melds well with sweet and citrus notes, leading Laura Ingalls Wilder to call it the “pie plant,” though it is also used as a dieting aid.View All Rhubarb

Rose

A floral essence that needs little introduction, rose oil from Bulgaria is considered to be the finest. The highest-quality rose oil is distilled from newly opened buds gathered in the cool morning hours. Its iconic, sweet powdery fragrance evokes purity and love.View All Rose

Rose Hips

An oil pressed from the seed of a rose bush native to the southern Andes, South Africa and Europe. This botanical extract, rich in vitamins, C, A, B and E provides excellent emollient and astringent properties to skin. The addition of rose hips provides the skin with soothing and moisturizing benefits. Often used in skin care products, rose hip oil helps heal scars and eases the effects of sun damage.View All Rose Hips

Rosemary

An herb in the mint family, rosemary grows as soft, fragrant spikes on a small evergreen shrub. Its essential oil is prized in herbal medicine for being astringent and invigorating. Imbued with the sun’s energy, it has a tealike aroma that warms the body.View All Rosemary

Rosemary Leaf

An herb in the mint family, rosemary grows as soft, fragrant spikes on a small evergreen shrub. Its essential oil is prized in herbal medicine for being astringent and invigorating. Imbued with the sun’s energy, it has a tealike aroma that warms the body.View All Rosemary Leaf

Rosewood

Steam-distilled from the chipped wood of a tree native to Brazil, Peru and Guyana, rosewood has a balsamic, floral, slightly rose-like fragrance.View All Rosewood

Safflower Oil

This light, odorless oil contains protein, minerals and vitamins and is good for all skin types. It is absorbed rapidly into the skin, delivering emollients and nourishment.View All Safflower Oil

Saffron

Saffron is the dried stigmas from the saffron crocus (the long red-orange filaments). More than 100 flowers are needed for one gram of saffron, making it costly and rare. Since ancient times, saffron has been used as a precious spice and dye. Its warm aroma is akin to tobacco tinged with sea breeze.View All Saffron

Sakura Blossom

An ornamental tree also known as Cherry Blossom or Japanese Flowering Cherry. In Japan, the Cherry flowers symbolize ephemeral beauty because of their delicacy and fragility. The extract from the flowers is used in skin care for conditioning and nourishing.View All Sakura Blossom

Sandalwood

A native of India and, now, Australia, sandalwood is treasured for its fragrance, carving, medical and sacred benefits. It yields a calming, soothing oil whose bright, fresh edge perfumes with a striking wood base note.View All Sandalwood

Sea Buckthorn

A shrub native to Asia and Europe with small orange nutrient-rich berries. The oil derived from the berries is high in fat-soluble vitamins A and E, making it a great ingredient to help moisturize and revitalize skin.View All Sea Buckthorn

Sea Salt

Obtained from the evaporation of sea water, sea salt contains minerals that soothe tired muscles and leave skin soft, smooth and nourished.View All Sea Salt

Shea Butter

A rich emollient derived from seeds of the karite tree, shea butter helps prevent trans-epidermal moisture loss and helps to soften, soothe and protect skin.View All Shea Butter

Shiso Leaf

Also known as Perilla seed and is a member of the mint plant. It is commonly used in ancient Chinese medicine for its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant benefits.View All Shiso Leaf

Siberian Fir

A tree that thrives in cold boreal climates, the Siberian fir is identified by its needlelike leaves, gray-green bark and cylindrical cones. Extracted through the leaves, its refreshing essential oil emits a lush, resinous scent that balances sweet and balsamic.View All Siberian Fir

Spearmint

A fast-growing perennial herb, spearmint has a gently crisp, grassy-sweet, minty aroma that's softer than that of its cousin, peppermint.View All Spearmint

Spruce

The spruce tree produces a crisp camphorous scent that embodies clean mountain air, warm sun and sweet pine sap. THE scent of holidays for many.View All Spruce

Sugarcane

A tale perennial grass native to Asia, sugarcane is sold by the stalk and consumed as a walking confection. In industry, it is converted by boiling to raw sugar, a chief ingredient of molasses, rum and, once refined, sweets. Its aroma is fresh and sweet.View All Sugarcane

Sunflower Oil

This oil, rich is oleic acid, acts as an emollient by giving skin an elegant feel while preventing trans-epidermal moisture loss.View All Sunflower Oil

Sweet Almond Oil

A natural emollient that is easily absorbed into the skin, making it a prized moisturizing ingredient.View All Sweet Almond Oil

Sweet Amber

Amber is an ancient fragrance source thought to have originated from the fir tree. Once extracted and distilled from its liquid sap state, its essence is smoky, sensual and profoundly settling.View All Sweet Amber

Sweet Basil

Known as the “king of herbs,” basil is a healing and culinary herb used in cuisines around the world. Its fragrance is warm, vibrantly green and instantly refreshing.View All Sweet Basil

Sweet Pea Blossoms

A favorite of gardeners, sweet pea blossoms were by legend first harvested by a monk in Sicily. From there, the popularity of these fluttering, intensely fragrant blooms exploded. Their scent evokes orange blossoms and honey.View All Sweet Pea Blossoms

Sweet Violet Flower

With edible blossoms in violet-blue or white, the flowers are often used in salads, jellies, or candied for decoration. The entire plant is hailed for its anti-inflammatory qualities and contains mucilages, which provide conditioning and moisturizing properties.View All Sweet Violet Flower

Tamarind

Actually a legume, the tamarind pod conceals the sticky, deep-orange pulp that injects a sharp, sweet/sour flavor in cooking around the globe, from chutney to pad thai to Worcestershire Sauce to agua fresca. Its aroma has warm, citrus-like notes with roasted undertones.View All Tamarind

Tangelo

Also known as the honeybell, tangelo is a citrus fruit that is a hybrid of tangerine and pomelo or grapefruit. Like other citrus, its essential oil is distilled through the peel and has a sweet, vibrant, uplifting fragrance.View All Tangelo

Tangerine

Nearly identical to a mandarin orange, tangerine is named for its native home of Tangiers, Morocco. Its oil is pressed from the peel of the ripe fruit, releasing a vibrant, cheerful citrus fragrance.View All Tangerine

Temple Tree Blossoms

Also known as plumeria or frangipani, this Indian native tree yields blooms with a heady, tropical and sweetly floral perfume. The Buddhist symbol of immortality.View All Temple Tree Blossoms

Thimbleberry

Producing a tasty red fruit resembling a raspberry, this native North American bush is a bird magnet. In bloom, its foliage smells of roses.View All Thimbleberry

Tiare Flower

A native flower in Polynesia that is part of the gardenia family, very fragrant and rich in tradition and folklore. The flowers are often steeped in coconut oil to create the beauty ritual of Tiare Monoi, beautifully, rich scented oil with moisturizing and soothing properties.View All Tiare Flower

Tonka Bean

Renowned for its fragrance, Tonka bean evokes cargo shipped along the Spice Islands: vanilla, almond, cinnamon and cloves. Discovered in South America, it was once used to flavor pipe tobacco.View All Tonka Bean

Tuberose

Lush and precious, tuberose oil is prized by perfumers. Extracted from the bud, a nighttime bloomer, it generates an intense, honey-like sweetness, with sensual nuances of jasmine and orange.View All Tuberose

Turmeric

An ancient spice that is part of the ginger family and is used as a powerful anti-inflammatory in both the Chinese and Indian systems of medicine. It is used to treat digestive, liver and skin diseases, and is a very effective tonic and blood purifier. Turmeric has been known to improve skin complexion. View All Turmeric

Valerian

A time-honored sleep aid with a balsamic-green, woody, bittersweet aroma.View All Valerian

Vanilla

Vanilla is derived from the pods of special orchids native to Madagascar and Indonesia. It is the second most expensive spice after saffron, thanks to the labor required to grow the seedpods. Its rich, luxurious fragrance evokes sublime feelings of warmth and comfort.View All Vanilla

Vegetable Protein

A special vegetable enzyme that helps remove unpleasant odors without interfering with fragrance.View All Vegetable Protein

Verbena

Discovered in Argentina and Chile by Spanish explorers, who introduced it to Europe, verbena is a perennial bush celebrated for its citrus-scented leaves. Extracted through steam distillation, its fragrance is extremely fresh, sweet and fruity.View All Verbena

Vetiver

Steam distilled from the aromatic roots of a tropical grass native to India, Indonesia, Haiti and Réunion, vetiver oil resembles a viscous amber and emits a rooty, precious-woody scent.View All Vetiver

Violet

Happy and flirty, this open-faced flower can turn on its fragrant charm as it pleases, making it a rarity in perfumery. It flavors candied leaves, syrups and liqueurs.View All Violet

Violet Leaf

Long beloved by perfumers (and, apparently, Napolean Bonaparte), the violet plant produces fragrant flowers and leaves. Unlike the sweet, powdery scent of the flower, violet leaf has a green aroma reminiscent of freshly mown grass with a hint of moist cucumber.View All Violet Leaf

Vitamin E

In its most important role as an antioxidant, vitamin E (tocopherol) protects body cells and tissues from damage caused by free radicals. It also helps to moisturize the skin from within, enhance skin smoothness and promote tissue repair.View All Vitamin E

Water Lily

Water lilies are rooted in soil in bodies of fresh water, with platter-sized leaves and exuberant flowers floating on the water surface. Their scent is succulent, green and dewy.View All Water Lily

Watercress

A semi-aquatic perennial, it’s related to garden cress, mustard, and radish - known for their peppery, tangy flavor and zesty fragrance notes. Containing a significant amount of vitamins and minerals, it was once thought a contender to remedy scurvy.View All Watercress

White Cyclamen

With dainty blossoms that flicker upwards like static, snowy-white flames, white cyclamen adds a crisp, watery scent to refresh and purify.View All White Cyclamen

White Musk

Sourced from all-vegetable ambrette seeds, white musk is sheer, light and clean. It lends a subtle sensual frisson amid a hint of dry down.View All White Musk

White Pepper

Fresh peppers are small fruits, dried to produce what’s commonly known to us as black pepper. White pepper is picked when the fruit is ripe, submerged into water to ferment, then hulled. Its complex flavor is earthy.View All White Pepper

White Tea

White tea has been used in China as an elixir of youth for its antioxidant and revitalizing properties. Cultivated only a few times per year, this rare essence imparts an overall sense of well-being.View All White Tea

Wild Angelica

A Nordic native happiest near mountains and cool rivers, wild angelica shoots skyward, topped by large green globes. When squeezed, the seeds release a fine, musky fragrance.View All Wild Angelica

Willow Herb

In skin care, willow herb is rich in tannins, giving it tonic and astringent properties associated with calming inflammation and instilling a radiant glow.View All Willow Herb

Wisteria

Native to China, Korea and Japan, wisteria is a very fragrant flowering plant known for its quick and vigorous growth. Its fragrance is sweet and delicate.View All Wisteria

Woods

A blend of woods such as warm amber, cedarwood, oak and teak evokes the distinct, dry, slightly resinous aroma of sun-dappled northern forests and sawdust.View All Woods

Yerba Mate

A small evergreen tree related to holly and native to subtropical forests of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. While consumed in tea form by millions for its health benefits, the anti-oxidant, anti-aging and anti-inflammatory qualities of yerba mate also make it ideal for skin and hair care products.View All Yerba Mate

Ylang Ylang

Native to Indonesia and the Philippines, ylang ylang is known as the “flower of flowers.” Indeed, an Indonesian custom has ylang ylang flower petals strewn upon the wedding bed. Distilled from freshly picked flowers, its essential oil has deep notes of rubber and custard, with bright hints of jasmine and neroli.View All Ylang Ylang

Yuzu

A sour Japanese citrus fruit about the size of a tangerine, yuzu is prized for its aromatic rind. The popular custom of bathing with yuzu during the winter solstice in Japan involves floating whole fruits in hot bath water to release their sweet-tart aroma.View All Yuzu

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